Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Master´s degree guide for thesis writing

1.3 Competences

The thesis process includes also seminars as well as theoretical studies on the methods of research and development. Other studies are connected to the thesis process as well. The purpose of seminar sessions is to support the progress of the thesis writing process. In addition, the representatives of the student’s work community/interest group contribute to the thesis process. Each student has a thesis supervisor assigned based on the topic of the thesis. It is also possible to have a working life mentor. Students are instructed both individually and in small groups.

During the thesis process students develop their professional knowledge and skills, research-based approach, cooperative skills, social skills and networking skills. At the same time, students’ overall view on the chosen topic as well as on the research and development process broadens and deepens. National recommendations for the competences that are common to all degrees taken in universities of applied sciences as well as the field-specific competences were created in the ECTS-project. In addition, recommendations for the competences common to all Master’s degrees were defined. As for the thesis process, the key competences are development competence, societal competence and organizational competence.

Development competence


  • are able to acquire and analyze profound information, also from international sources, in their own field of expertise as well as related fields
  • are able to analyze information critically and to see things holistically as well as to produce new knowledge
  • master methods of research and development and are able to carry out R&D projects developing the field in question
  • have initiative and apply developmental approach to work
  • are able to solve problems creatively and innovatively in the changing workplace situations, applying the existing knowledge in the field and
  • follow the instructions on ethical research practices given by the Finnish Advisory Board on Research Integrity. (

Societal and organizational competence


  • know the operational environment as well as the actors operating in their professional field
  • take advantage of the opportunities to influence society
  • know the rules of the working life and are able to take part in coordinating, developing and managing the operations of an organization
  • are able to critically evaluate the new applications and solutions of the field as well as to plan, organize and develop operations in practice in changing situations
  • are able to understand widespread connections and causal relationships between things
  • are able to manage multidisciplinary situations based on limited knowledge and
  • recognize and follow the ethical principles of research and development work in practice.